• [S5] Ancestry.com, 1920 United States Federal Census (n.p.: Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005, unknown publish date).
  • [S22] Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Birth Index, 1935-2002 (n.p.: Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2004, unknown publish date).
  • [S44] Unknown author, thompson 11 13 08.FTW (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date).
  • [S79] Online at www.worldconnect.rootsweb.ancestry.com, Robert Kluckholn (World Connect Project), Last updated: 15 June 2004.
  • [S90] Washington Death Certificates, 1907-1960, Family Search, www.familysearch.org, State of Washington.
  • [S96] 1925 North Dakota State Census, www.ancestry.com.
  • [S99] Kimberly Kjeseth, compiler, Cemetery Records: Deronda Lutheran Cemetery (www.rootsweb.com: rootsweb.com, 15 March 2006). Hereinafter cited as Deronda Lutheran Cemetery Records.
  • [S103] Inez (Kvernes) Olson, Death Certificate, Hennepin Co., Minnesota, #27,462 (18 Oct 1996),.
  • [S105] Obituary for Gudrun Knudson, Renville Star Farmer, Renville, Minnesota, 8 July 1965. Hereinafter cited as Renville Star Farmer.
  • [S106] Gudrun (Kvernes) Knudson, Death Certificate, Renville Co., Minnesota, 17,557 (12 July 1965),.
  • [S112] Obituary forTheodor Kvernes, Renville Star Farmer, Renville, Minnesota, 6 September 1973. Hereinafter cited as Renville Star Farmer.
  • [S113] Theodor G. Kvernes, Death Certificate #21,274 Renville Co., Minnesota (6 September 1973),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Theodor G. Kvernes.
  • [S114] Guren A. Kvernes, Death Certificate #12,786, Renville Co., Minnesota (Filed 8 May 1944),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Guren A. Kvernes.
  • [S116] Martin J. Kvernes, Death Certificate #2,602, Renville Co., Minnesota (Filed 21 Oct 1923),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Martin J. Kvernes.
  • [S117] Alfred Melvin Kvernes, Death Certificate #21,281, Kandiyohi Co., Minnesota (16 Aug 1985),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Alfred Melvin Kvernes.
  • [S120] Louis Kvanres, Death Certificate, Lake Co., Minnesota, #6,740 (29 March 1919),.
  • [S121] Inga Kvarnes, Death Certificate #6762, Lake Co., Minnesota (6 Feb 1914),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Inga Kvarnes.
  • [S122] e-mail address, "Ancestors of Stanley Ole Lien", 19 Oct 2008 (http://clubweb.interbaun.com/~elien/family/ghtindex.htm). Unknown comments. Hereinafter cited as "Ancestors of Stanley Ole Lien."
  • [S159] California Death Index 1940-1997, Ancestry.com, www.ancestry.com, State of California Department of Health Services.
  • [S167] Vidar Støen, Utvandrerhistorie for Folldal (n.p.: n.pub., unknown publish date). Hereinafter cited as Utvandrerhistorie for Folldal.
  • [S182] Family Reunion Held [Langsjoen Family], Fergus Falls Daily Journal, Fergus Falls, Minnesota, 14 Sept 1956. Hereinafter cited as Fergus Falls Daily Journal.
  • [S199] Unknown author, Østerdalslaget Mindeskrift (n.p.: n.pub., 1913). Hereinafter cited as Østerdalslaget Mindeskrift.
  • [S207] Georgia Deaths, 1919-1998, Ancestry, www.ancestry.org, State of Georgia.
  • [S208] E-mail message from Kristin Rodine at . Hereinafter cited as "Email from Kristin Rodine."
  • [S210] Minnesota Divorce Index, 1970-1995, Ancestry, www.ancestry.com, Department of Health State of Minnesota.
  • [S214] J. Skramstad, "Family Group Sheet: Skramstad Family of Romnes ND", 2009 (Published on Ancestry.com). ,. Hereinafter cited as "Family Group Sheet: Skramstad Family."
  • [S227] Obituary for Arthur Jacobson, The Hawk Eye, Burlington, Iowa, 10 April 2005. Hereinafter cited as The Hawk Eye.
  • [S230] Mette Gjerdingen, "Gjerdingen Family Tree", Compiled 2009 (Ancestry.com, email: e-mail address). Unknown cd. Hereinafter cited as "Gjerdingen Family Tree."
  • [S235] Obituary for Vernon Eugene Prtys, Star Tribune, Minneapolis, Minnesota, 2 June 2002. Hereinafter cited as Star Tribune.
  • [S248] Mattie Alma Helen Prtys, Death Certificate, Renville Co., Minnesota, #1927-020606,.
  • [S252] 1930 United States Federal Census.
  • [S263] Minnesota Death Index, 1908-2002.
  • [S264] New York Passenger Lists, 1820-1957.
  • [S291] Ancestry.com, Public Member Trees (Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2006).
  • [S311] Ancestry.com, Minnesota Death Index, 1908-2002 (n.p.: Provo, UT, USA: The Generations Network, Inc., 2001, unknown publish date).
  • [S317] Winnebago Co., Illinois Death Index, 1844-1981, online . Hereinafter cited as Winnebago Co., Illinois Death Index.
  • [S339] Obituary for Milford A. Moen, Unidentified - probably a Rockford, Illinois Paper, Rockford, IL, Feb 1970. Hereinafter cited as Unidentified - probably a Rockford, Illinois Paper.
  • [S340] Obituary for Ella M. Moen, Unidentified - probably a Rockford, Illinois Paper, Rockford, IL, Feb 1968. Hereinafter cited as Unidentified - probably a Rockford, Illinois Paper.
  • [S357] Lina Swanson, Death Certificate Hennepin Co., #19,461 (12 March 1930),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Lina Swanson.
  • [S358] Ebba Helen Gustafson, Death Certificate Ramsey Co., Minnesota, #004740 (17 Feb 1981),. Hereinafter cited as Death Cert: Ebba Helen Gustafson.
  • [S359] Annie Gustafson, Death Certificate Ramsey Co., Minnesota, #24,721 (28 Nov 1917),. Hereinafter cited as Death Cert: Annie Gustafson.
  • [S360] Hjalmar Norman Gustafson, Death Certificate, Ramsey Co., Minnesota, File # 006975 (20 March 1978),. Hereinafter cited as Death Cert: Hjalmar Norman Gustafson.
  • [S361] Obituary for Hjalmer Norman Gustafson, St. Paul Pioneer Press, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 17 March 1978. Hereinafter cited as St. Paul Pioneer Press.
  • [S363] Anna C. Gustafson, Death Certificate File #: 3,039, Ramsey Co., Minnesota (23 October 1937),. Hereinafter cited as Death Certificate: Anna C. Gustafson.
  • [S364] Obituary for Richard Norman Gustafson, Pioneer Press, Saint Paul, Minnesota, 19 May 2009. Hereinafter cited as Pioneer Press.
  • [S366] Nellie Swenson, Death Certificate, Norman Co., Minnesota, #1933-09495,. Hereinafter cited as Death Cert:Nellie Swenson.
  • [S375] Emigrant List, Digital Archives of Norway; in Emigranter fra Trondheim 1867-1930 (digitalarkivet.no: Digital Archives).
  • [S379] E-mail message from Marlys L. Nelson at . Hereinafter cited as "Email from Marlys L. Nelson on 13 March 2011."
  • [S384] Andrew Berdahl, Beginnings of the Slip Up Creek Settlement (n.p.: unpublished, 1941). Hereinafter cited as Beginnings of the Slip Up Creek Settlement.
  • [S390] E-mail message from Grady Owens at . Hereinafter cited as "Email from Grady Owens."